This is a quote from the book "The Virtue Of Selfishness" by Ayn Rand
...furthers its life is the good, that which threatens it is the evil.
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Without an ultimate goal or end, there can be no lesser goals or means: a series of means going off into an infi
nite progression toward a nonexistent end is a metaphysical and epistemological impossibility. It is only an ultimate goal, an end in itself, that makes the existence of values possible.
2 When applied to physical phenomena, such as the automatic functions of an organism, the term “goal- directed” is not to be taken to mean “purposive” (a concept applicable only t...