This is a quote from the book "The Virtue Of Selfishness" by Ayn Rand
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2 When applied to physical phenomena, such as the automatic functions of an organism, the term “goal- directed” is not to be taken to mean “purposive” (a concept applicable only t
o the actions of a con- sciousness) and is not to imply the existence of any teleological principle operating in insentient nature. I use the term “goal-directed,” in this context, to design
ate the fact that the automatic functions of living organisms are actions whose nature is such that they result in the preservation of an organism’s life.
Metaphysically, life is...